Each time writers use an outside source, they must give credit to the original writer or creator of that source. This strategy also allows a reader to easily and efficiently make note of the source's bibliographic entry. Just as each style guide has rules for creating a citation in a bibliography at the end of a text, each guide also has certain rules for citing the use of sources within the text of the essay. The following are basic guidelines for citing sources in the text of your paper when using the MLA, APA, Chicago, ASA, or Turabian style guides. These guidelines may not account for every citation situation.
The main styles used at AU are as follows - if you need to use another style click here. Those with large research projects should strongly consider a citation manager like Zotero or Endnote.
This guide will assist with formatting music citations using the Turabian/Chicago style. For more info, consult Turabian Manual: MUS REFPN203. T8 2007 or consult Chicago Manual online at: Shaw, the current Head of Music Library Public Services and Outreach at Indiana University Bloomington, created this fabulous Music Citations: Turabian/Chicago Style guide in 2008 and continued to edit it during her time as the Music and Performing Arts Librarian at De Pauw University until May 2016.
←Back to Chicago Citation Guide The most basic entry for a book consists of the author’s name, the title of the book, publisher city, publisher name, and the year of publication. The publisher name may be given in full or it can be abbreviated. Only the first author’s name should be reversed, while the others are written in normal order. List the publication city, followed by a colon and the publisher name. For a book written by two or more authors, list them in order as they appear on the title page. If it is not available there, it may also be found on the copyright page. Also include either the inclusive page numbers of the chapter (along with a period after the year of publication) or the chapter number (along with the text “Chap.”, preceding the “In” text before the book title). Titles and affiliations associated with the author should be omitted. should appear after the author’s given name, preceded by a comma. If the book has a subtitle, the main title should be followed by a colon (unless the main title ends with a question mark, exclamation point, or dash). The publication information can generally be found on the title page of the book. The word “University” can be abbreviated as “Univ.” The publisher is followed by a comma, and then the year of publication. If you are citing a specific chapter from the book, include the following information before the book title: the chapter name and a period in quotations, and the text “In”. The name should generally be written as it appears on the title page, although certain adjustments may need to be made. The full title of the book, including any subtitles, should be stated and italicized. Co., & Co., Publishing Co.) are often omitted, but can be retained. “Press” may be omitted or retained – if it is used with a university name, it must be retained.
The Chicago Manual of Style, currently in its 16th edition, was created to help researchers properly cite their sources. This guide displays the Notes and Bibliography style of referencing. There are two types of referencing styles in Chicago: 1). The bibliography is a list of all the sources used in the paper. The list includes the important publication details of the sources. The bibliography must also follow the following format: Chicago's Notes and Bibliography formatting requires writers to use footnotes and endnotes when using in-text citations. These footnotes and endnotes acknowledge the different sources used in the work.
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Guide to Turabians A Manual for Writers (printable version here) Format of the Paper: 1. Use Kate Turabians A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and ... Chicago-Turabian Style Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE David Mac Millan III ... Chicago style can be used for research papers, dissertations, or even theses. Turabian Essay Style turabian essay style Why you need a Turabian sample paper.